ANALISIS PERAN UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE JENIS MULTICOPTER DALAM MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS DUNIA FOTOGRAFI UDARA DI LOKASI JALUR SELATAN MENUJU CALON BANDARA BARU DI KULONPROGO

Indreswari Suroso

Abstract


Dunia fotografi berkaitan dengan pesawat tanpa awak disebut drone. Drone dipasang kamera sehingga pesawat tersebut dikendalikan pilot dari daratan. Hasil fotografi dilihat pilot setelah pesawat drone tersebut mendarat. Drone adalah pesawat yang terbang dengan sistem robotik dikendalikan oleh pilot di tanah.  Drone memiliki berbagai fungsi yaitu sebagai alat pendeteksi, alat pemetaan di udara, alat pemetaan banjir, tanah longsor, lahan pertanian bahkan dapat mendeteksi material logam didalam bumi. Drone dapat berfungsi alat pendeteksi pulau terpencil, salat foto udara bila terjadi sengketa sawah, untuk pemetaan bidang pertanian dan pemetaan bidang pertambangan. Berdasarkan jenisnya, terdapat dua jenis drone, yaitu multicopter dan fixed wing. Multicopter adalah jenis drone yang memanfaatkan putaran baling-baling untuk terbang, sedangkan fixed wing memiliki bentuk seperti pesawat terbang biasa yang dilengkapi sistem sayap. Langkah yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah persiapan pembuatan drone, perencanaan ketinggian terbang, pengujian drone di ground, pengaturan kalibrasi kamera, pengambilan foto udara, melihat hasil foto udara, kemudian menganalisis hasil foto udara. Drone dalam penelitian ini memiliki empat propeller, yang digunakan untuk pemetaan jalur selatan menuju pintu masuk New International Yogyakarta Airports melalui Desa Plumbon, Kecamatan Temon, Kabupaten Kulonprogo.

 

Abstract

Role Analysis of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Type MultiCopter in Improving the Quality of Aerial Photography Field in the Southern Path towards the Prospective New Airport in Kulonprogo. The world of photography is very closely related to the unattended aircraft called drones. Drones are mounted with camera so that the plane is pilot-controlled from the mainland. Photography results are seen by the pilot after the drone aircraft is landed. Drone have various function namely as a detector, mapping equipment in the air, floods mapping tools, landslides,  agricultural lands, can ever detect metal material in the earth. Drone can fuction as remotr island detection device,  aerial photographs in the event of a rice field dispute, for mapping agriculture and minning fields. Based on its type, there are two types of drones, namely multicopter and fixed wing. Multicopter is the type of drone that utilizes the spin of the propeller, while the fixed wing has an airplane-like shape with a wing system. The steps used in this study were as follows: drone making preparation, fly height planning, ground drone testing, camera calibration settings, air photo capture, air

results viewing, and aerial photographs results analyzing. Drone used in this study has four propellers used for mapping south path entrance of New Yogyakarta International Airport through Plumbon Village,Temon sub-district, Kulonprogo regency.


Keywords


photography; drone; UAV; mapping

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24821/rekam.v14i1.2134

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