ANALISIS PERAN UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE JENIS MULTICOPTER DALAM MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS DUNIA FOTOGRAFI UDARA DI LOKASI JALUR SELATAN MENUJU CALON BANDARA BARU DI KULONPROGO

Indreswari Suroso

Abstract


Dunia fotografi sangat erat berkaitan dengan pesawat tanpa awat disebut drone. Drone dipasang kamera sehingga pesawat tersebut dikendalikan pilot dari daratan. Hasil fotografi dilihat pilot setelah pesawat drone tersebut mendarat. Drone adalah pesawat tanpa awak yang dikendalikan dari jarak jauh. Pesawat tanpa awak atau pesawat nirawak (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle atau UAV) adalah sebuah mesin terbang yang berfungsi dengan kendali jarak jauh oleh pilot. Perkembangan teknologi membuat drone juga mulai banyak diterapkan untuk kebutuhan sipil, terutama di bidang bisnis, industri, dan logistik. Dalam dunia industri bisnis, drone telah diterapkan dalam berbagai layanan seperti pengawasan infrastruktur, pengiriman paket barang, pemadam kebakaran hutan, eksplorasi bahan tambang, pemetaaan daerah pertanian, dan pemetaan daerah industri. Berdasarkan jenisnya, terdapat dua jenis drone, yaitu multicopter dan fixed wing. Multicopter adalah jenis drone yang memanfaatkan putaran baling-baling untuk terbang, sedangkan fixed wing memiliki bentuk seperti pesawat terbang biasa yang dilengkapi sistem sayap. Langkah yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah persiapan pembuatan drone, perencanaan ketinggian terbang, pengujian drone di ground, pengaturan
kalibrasi kamera, pengambilan foto udara, melihat hasil foto udara, kemudian menganalisis hasil foto udara. Drone dalam penelitian ini memiliki empat propeller, yang digunakan untuk pemetaan jalur selatan menuju pintu masuk New International Yogyakarta Airports melalui Desa Plumbon, Kecamatan Temon, Kabupaten Kulonprogo.

 

Abstract

Role Analysis of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Type MultiCopter in Improving the Quality of Aerial Photography Field in the Southern Path towards the Prospective New Airport in Kulonprogo. The world of photography is very closely related to the unattended aircraft called drones. Drones are mounted with camera so that the plane is pilot-controlled from the mainland. Photography results are seen by the pilot after the drone aircraft is landed. Drones are unmanned aircraft controlled remotely. Unmanned aircraft or Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), is a flying machine which is operated with remote control by the pilot. Technological developments make the drones also start widely applied to civilian needs, especially in the areas of business, industry and logistics. In business industry, drones have been applied in various services such as infrastructure monitoring, freight forwarding, forest fire-fighter, mining exploration, agricultural mapping, and industrial area mapping. Based on its type, there are two types of drones, namely multicopter and fixed wing. Multicopter is the type of drone that utilizes the spin of the propeller, while the fixed wing has an airplane-like shape with a wing system. The steps used in this study were as follows: drone making preparation, fly height planning, ground drone testing, camera calibration settings, air photo capture, air results viewing, and aerial photographs results analyzing. Drone used in this study has four
propellers used for mapping south path entrance of New Yogyakarta International Airport through Plumbon Village,Temon sub-district, Kulonprogo regency.


Keywords


photography; drone; UAV; mapping

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24821/rekam.v14i1.2134

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