Aspek Olah Vokal Musik Klasik Barat pada Musik Populer

A. Gathut Bintarto

Abstract


Setiap medium musik mempunyai keistimewaan yang bisa dikaji seperti halnyapada musik klasik Barat dan musik populer. Norma daya tarik musik populeryang ringan dan mudah dinikmati tidak seperti pada musik klasik Barat atauyang sering disebut sebagai musik seni, namun demikian bukan berarti bahwamemainkannya tidak ada syarat artistik. Bervariasinya musik dan banyaknya pelakumusik mengakibatkan standar yang tinggi dan menuntut pemahaman terhadapdetail musik. Musik populer bertolak dari kebiasaan orang dan musisinya inginmemenuhi kebutuhan tersebut. Gambaran emosional yang muncul pada teksmenyebabkan kecenderungan naturalistik dalam bernyanyi. Melalui penelusuranasal-usul musik populer dan penelitian studi kasus di lapangan ditemukan bahwamusik populer beraliran soul serta R&B (rhythm and blues) mempunyai kesamaanunsur dengan teknik dan gaya bernyanyi klasik pada penerapan suara yang ratadalam rentang ambitus (even scale technique), penggunaan imajinasi dengan iramabebas, nada-nada hiasan, teknik vibrato, dan bahkan gaya bernyanyi Gregorianmurni dengan iringan ritmis yang dianggap sebagai suatu kebaruan dalam musikpopuler.

 

The Overview on the Aspect of Western Classical Singing on Popular Music.Every music medium such as Western classical and popular music has its own practicalspecification due to the observation of each characteristic and uniqueness. The potentialattractiveness of popular music is different from the Western classical music in its easylistening characteristics, but it does not mean that the music does not have the artisticcharacter at all. More performers and more variations in the popular music mayaffect the higher standard and require the demand in every aspect of the details. Thepopular music is derived from the daily habit and that is the way the musician shoulddo to make this kind of music. The emotional characteristics in their lyrics cause thenaturalistic singing tendency. Through the observation of the popular music origin andthe field research study, it is founded that soul and R&B music have the similarities. Interms of the classical music, both use the typical scale technique, imagination with thefree rhythm, ornamentation, vibrato technique and even pure Gregorian singing styleused in some popular songs accompanied by rhythmical music served as a new idea inpopular music.


Keywords


vocal technique, Western classical music, popular music

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24821/jousa.v1i1.787

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