Losing the Battle: Questioning Postcolonial Aesthetic Hegemony Represented in Illustration Pictures at Taman Pintar Yogyakarta

Kasiyan Kasiyan


This article describes the postcolonial aesthetic hegemony which is represented in illustration pictures in one of the educational tourist attractions in Yogyakarta, namely Taman Pintar, along with its causes. This study used a hermeneutic approach, with the main instrument is the researcher himself as a human instrument. Meanwhile, the analysis technique used is descriptive qualitative. The results of the analysis revealed some points. Firstly, the form of postcolonial aesthetic hegemony in illustration pictures of Taman Pintar, is manifested by the use of pictures of the inventors of modern science. All of the inventors came from the West, and none of them came from the East. This has lead to the construction of discourse with Western bias. This phenomenon is a kind of losing the battle in the cultural constellation that is not supposed to be transformed and internalized to young generations that are going to be the next generations of this country in the future. Secondly, this phenomenon of Western hegemony is caused mainly by the existence of the strong burden of Western post-colonialism syndrome faced by this nation, Indonesia.


postcolonial aesthetic hegemony, illustration pictures , Taman Pintar Yogyakarta

Full Text:



Alatas, S. F. 2010. Bab I: Masalah Utama Ilmu Sosial di Asia: Kritik, Diagnosis, dan Rumusan, in Diskursus Alternatfi dalam Ilmu Sosial Asia: Tanggapan terhadap Eurosentrisme. Terjemahan Ali Noer Zaman. Fisrt Printing. Bandung: PT Mizan Publika.

Andisca, D., Harsasto, P., & Adnan, M. 2016. Analisis Kerjasama Pemerintah Daerah DKI Jakarta dengan Yayasan Dharmaranya Tuju Enam dalam Pembangunan Taman Pintar Pulogadung. Journal of Politic and Government Studies, Vol. 5, No 04.

Atwood, G.E. & Stolorow, R.D. 2013. Legacies of the Golden Age: A Memoir of a Collaboration. The Humanistic Psychologist, 41:3, 285-300, DOI: 10.1080/08873267.2013.791199.

Aziz, N.A, Ariffin, A.A.M, Omar, N. A., & Evin, C. (2012). Examining the impact of visitors' emotions and perceived quality towards satisfaction and revisit intention to theme parks. Jurnal Pengurusan, 35, 97-109. https://ukm.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/examining-the-impact-of-visitors-emotions-and-perceived-quality-t.

Bai, B., Cai, L.A. & Zhang, L. 1999. Gaming: A defacto branch of China's tourism, Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 4:2, 35-40, DOI: 10.1080/10941669908722042.

Baker, M. & Saldanha, G. 2009. Routledge Encyclopedia of Translation Studies. London: Routledge.

Belton, B. 2014. Compassion and the Colonial Mentality. Rotterdam: SensePublishers. https://doi.org./10.1007/978-94-6209-767-4_5. Online ISBN: 978-94-6209-767-4.

Bryant, L.M. 2011. A Golden Age. The Court Historian, 16:1, 83-89, DOI: 10.1179/cou.2011.16.1.006.

Caron, G. & Carr-Hill, R.A. 1991. “Non-formal education: Information and Planning Issues”. International Institute for Educational Planning Research Report No. 90. Paris: Unesco.

Carter, ‎A., Morris, ‎G., & Nicholas, L. 2004. Rethinking Dance History: A Reader. London: Psychology Press.

Chafer, T. 2002. The End of Empire in French West Africa: France's Successful Decolonization. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Clendinning, E. 2016. Learning in the “Global Village”: Performing Arts Edutourism in Bali, Indonesia. Muscultures, Vol. 43, No. 2, (2016). Retrieved from https://journals.lib.unb.ca/index.php/MC/article/view/25476.

Comfort, K. 2008. Art and Life in Aestheticism: De-Humanizing and Re-Humanizing Art, The Artist, and The Artistic Receptor. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Croce, B. & Ainslie, D. 1995. “Chapter XII: The Aesthetic of the Sympathetic and Pseudo-aesthetic Concepts”, in Aesthetic as Science of Expression & General Linguistic. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers.

Decena, A.M. 2014. Identity, Colonial Mentality, and Decolonizing the Mind: Exploring Narratives and Examining Mental Health Implications for Filipino Americans. Dissertations. 769. https://scholarworks.smith.edu/theses/769.

Dittmar, J. 2015. New Media, Competition and Growth: European Cities After Gutenberg. This paper as Part of the Centre’s Globalisation Programme. London: Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science.

Durado. L. & Leite, L. (2013). Field Activities, Science Education and Problem-solving. 4th International Conference on New Horizons in Education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 106 ( 2013 ) 1232–1241. Doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.138.

Eekels, J. 2007. Values, Objectivity and Subjectivity in Science and Engineering. Journal of Engineering Design, 6:3, 173-189, DOI: 10.1080/09544829508907912.

Foster, Hal. 2002. The Anti-Aesthetic: Essays on Postmodern Culture. New York: New Press.

Frengs, J. 2017. Corporeal Archipelagos: Writing the Body in Francophone Oceanian Women’s Literature. Lexington: Lexington Books.

Greene, J.P., Kisida, B., & Daniel, H. 2014. The Educational Value of Field Trips: Taking Students to an Art Museum Improves Critical Thinking Skills, and More. Education Next, Vol. 14, No. 1.

Gunaratne, S.A. 2001. Paper, Printing and the Printing Press: A Horizontally Integrative Macrohistory Analysis. International Communication Gazette, Volume: 63 issue: 6, 459-479. DOI: 10.1177/0016549201063006001.

Handayani, W. & Emilda, N. 2018. Pedagogi Estetik Berbasis Kearifan Lokal melaluiKriya Nusantara Batik Cianjur. Journal of Urban Society's Arts, Vol. 5, No. 2, Oktober 2018, 59-65.

Hansen, V., Curtis, K., & Curtis, K.R. 2010. Voyages in World History. Volume 1. Wadsworth, Boston, USA: Cengage Learning.

Hittleman, D.R. 2012. A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words… If You Know the Words. Childhood Education, 62:1, 32-36, DOI: 10.1080/00094056.1985.10520218.

Howatson, M.C. 2013. The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kalu, K. ‎& Falola, T. 2019. Exploitation and Misrule in Colonial and Postcolonial Africa. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Ki-Zerbo. 1990. General History of Africa I: Methodology and African Prehistory. London: James Currey Ltd.

Kodri, F.K.N.A, Indriastjario, & Dwiyanto, A. 2014. Taman Pintar Purwokerto (Sains Center). Imaji, Vol. 3, no. 3, Juli, 189-198.

Krupat, A. 2010. Red Matters: Native American Studies. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Lapan, S.D., ‎ Quartaroli, M.T., ‎& Riemer, F.J. 2011. Qualitative Research: An Introduction to Methods and Designs. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Latchem, C. 2014. Informal Learning and Non-Formal Education for Development. The Journal of Learning for Development, Vol. 1, No. 1.

Laverty, S.M. 2003. Hermeneutic Phenomenology and Phenomenology: A Comparison of Historical and Methodological Considerations. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 2(3), 21-35.

Liebhafsky, E.E. 2016. Value-Free Science? Purity and Power in Modern Knowledge. Journal of Economic, Issues, 26:3, 966-968, DOI: 10.1080/00213624.1992.11505356.

Light, ‎A. & Smith, J. 2005. The Aesthetics of Everyday Life. New York: Columbia University Press.

Lukas, S.A. 2008. Theme Park. London: Reaktion Books.

Madoff, S.H. 2009. Aesthetes and Anti-Aesthetes. In Art School: (Propositions for the 21st Century). Cambridge: Massachutts Institute of Technology Press.

Magnaye, D.C. 2019. Climate Smart Agriculture Edu-tourism: A Strategy to Sustain Grassroots Pro-biodiversity Entrepreneurship in the Philippines. In Stankov U., Boemi, S.N., Attia, S., Kostopoulou, S., Mohareb, N. (eds), Cultural Sustainable Tourism. Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation (IEREK Interdisciplinary Series for Sustainable.

Martin, D., & Endangsih, T. 2018. Perancangan Taman Edukasi dengan Pendekatan High Tech di Kembangan Selatan Jakarta Barat. Maestro, 1(2), 92 - 100. Retrieved from http://jom.ft.budiluhur.ac.id/index.php/maestro/article/ view/48.

Matahir, H. & Tang, C.F. 2017. Educational Tourism and Its Implications on Economic Growth in Malaysia. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 22:11, 1110-1123, DOI: 10.1080/10941665.2017.1373684.

McCleneghan, ‎B. & Jackson, K.W. 2019. When Kids Ask Hard Questions: Faith-Filled Responses for Tough Topics. St. Louis , MO: Chalice Press.

Merritt, R., Kline, C., Crawford, A., Viren, P.P. & Dilworth, G. 2016. An Exploration of Recreational Activities While Travelling Relative to Psychographic Tendencies. Tourism Recreation Research, 41:3, 302-313, https://doi.org/10.1080/02508281.2016.1199123.

Miles, M.B.A., Huberman, M. & Saldaña, J. 2013. Qualitative Data Analysis. London: Sage Publication.

Mura, P. & Tavakoli, R. 2014. Tourism and Social Capital in Malaysia. Current Issues in Tourism, 17:1, 28-45, DOI: 10.1080/13683500.2012.718320.

Nasution, Harun. 1992. Kebudayaan Islam Klasik dan Kebudayaan Indonesia. Kongres Kebudayaan 19991: Warisan Budaya; Penyaringan dan Pemeliharaan, Buku I. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Direktorat Jenderal Kebudayaan, Direktorat Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional, Proyek Penelitian Pengkajian dan Pembinaan Nilai-nilai Budaya.

Novelli, N. & Burns, P. 2010. Peer-to-Peer Capacity-Building in Tourism: Values and Experiences of Field-Based Education. Development Southern Africa, 27:5, 741-756, DOI: 10.1080/0376835X.2010.522835.

Nugroho, B.A. & Himawan, W. 2014. Visual Tradisi dalam Karya Seni Lukis Kontemporer Sebagai Wujud Artistik Pengaruh Sosial Budaya. Journal of Urban Society's Arts, Volume 1, Nomor 4, Oktober, 99-109.

Obrien, P.W. & Jamnia, M. 2013. International Educational Tourism and Regional Development in Taiwan: A Discussion Paper. Pan-Pacific Management Review, Vo1. 16, No. 2: 163-189.

Odin, S. 2016. Tragic Beauty in Whitehead and Japanese Aesthetics. New York: Lexington Books.

Onghokham. 2009. India yang Dibekukan: Mooi Indië dalam Seni Rupa dan Ilmu Sosial, in Harsya W. Bachtiar, Peter B.R. Carey, dan Onghokham, Raden Saleh: Anak Belanda, Mooi Indie, dan Nasionalisme. Cetakan Pertama. Jakarta: Komunitas Bambu.

Onwuekwe, C. 2012. Trends in Illustration: A Digital Approach to Large Format Illustrations on Igbo Folklore. Mgbakoigba: Journal of African Studies. Vol. 1. July.

Paine, L. 2014. The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World. London: Atlantic Books Ltd.

Patterson, I. 2017. Tourism and Leisure Behaviour in an Ageing World. Oxfordshire, England: CABI Publishing.

Pengunjung Taman Pintar Tembus 1 Juta Orang. https://jogjapolitan.harianjogja.com/read/2018/12/29/510/961857/pengunjung-taman-pintar-tembus-1-juta-orang.

Priasani, W. 2009. Taman Pintar Wonderia di Semarang. Undergraduate Thesis, Jurusan Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik Undip.

Priyanti, A.D., Suparno, & Sumaryoto. 2019. Sinergitas Desain Perpustakaan Umum dan Taman Pintar di Surakarta. Senthong: Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Arsitektur, Vol. 2, No. 1, 41-52.

Pugh, K.J. & Girod, M. 2017. Science, Art, and Experience: Constructing a Science Pedagogy From Dewey’s Aesthetics. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 18:1, 9-27, DOI: 10.1007/s10972-006-9029-0.

Rafael, V. 2015. The War of Translation: Colonial Education, American English, and Tagalog Slang in the Philippines. The Journal of Asian Studies, 74(2), 283-302. https://doi.org./1017/S0021911814002241.

Rahman, S.A, Singgih, E.P., & Setyaningsih, W. 2016. Arsitektura, Vol. 14, No.2, Oktober. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20961/arst.v14i2.9080.

Reading M. 2013. Nostradamus and the Third Antichrist: Napoleon, Hitler and the One Still to Come. London: Duncan Baird Publishers.

Richard, D.M. 2010. Philosophy Before Socrates: An Introduction With Texts and Commentary. Indianapolis. Indiana: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc.

Ritchie, ‎B.W., Carr, ‎N., & Cooper, C.P. 2003. Managing Educational Tourism. Bristol, UK: Channel View Publications.

Rochberg, F. 2017. Looking at it from Asia: the Processes that Shaped the Sources of History of Science. Berlin, Germany: Springer Science & Business Media.

Sacks, ‎D. & Murray, O. 1995. A Dictionary of the Ancient Greek World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sahakian, W.S. 1963. Systems of Ethics and Value Theory. New York: Philosophical Library.

Said, E.W. 1979. Orientalism. First Published. New York: Vintage Books.

Soyer, M. 2010. Examining the Origins Of Sociology: Continuities and Divergences Between Ibn Khaldun, Giambattista Vico, August Comte, Ludwig Gumplowicz, and Emile Durkheim. Thesis Prepared for the Degree of Master of Science, University of North Texas.

Stolley, K.S. 2005. The Basics of Sociology. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Syam, M.N. 2009. Sistem Filsafat Pancasila (Tegak sebagai Sistem Kenegaraan Pancasila-UUD Proklamasi 1945). Proceeding Kongres Pancasila: Pancasila dalam Berbagai Perspektif, Yogyakarta, 30 Mei-1 Juni 2009. Jakarta: Sekretariat Jenderal Mahkamah Konstitusi.

Taman Pintar Yogyakarta Dilengkapi Wahana Air. In http://www.tempo.co/read/news/2012/05/13/199403585/, Tempo Interaktif, diakses Maret 2019.

Teresi, D. 2005. Lost Discoveries: The Ancient Roots of Modern Science–from the Babylonians to the Maya. New York: Simon & Schuster, Inc.

Tesch, R. 2013. Qualitative Research: Analysis Types and Software. London: Routledge.

Thoo, J.B. 1998. A Picture Is Worth a Thousand Words. The College Mathematics Journal, 29:5, 408-411, DOI: 10.1080/07468342.1998.11973977.

Toor, M.L. 1996. The Desktop Designer's Illustration Handbook. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Undang-undang Nomor 10 Tahun 2009 tentang Kepariwisataan.

Victor, N. ‎& Ndi, G.S. (eds). 2018. Re-writing Pasts, Imagining Futures: Critical Explorations of Contemporary African Fiction and Theater. Lakewood, USA: Spears Media Press.

Vuyk, K. 2010. The Arts As An Instrument? Notes on the Controversy Surrounding the Value of Art. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 16:2, 173-183, DOI: 10.1080/10286630903029641.

Wahana Teknologi Informasi Paling Diminati Pengunjung Taman Pintar. Http://jogja.tribunnews.com/2014/07/05/wahana-teknologi-informasi-paling-diminati-pengunjung-taman-pintar.

West, B.A. 2010. Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania. New York: Infobase Publishing.

Whewell, D. 2009. Aestheticism. In A Companion to Aesthetics. Second Edition. Chilchester, West Sussex,UK: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., Publication.

Wong, A. & Wong, C.S. 2009. Factors Affecting Students' Learning and Satisfaction on Tourism and Hospitality Course-Related Field Trips. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Education, 21:1, 25-35. https://doi.org/10.1080/10963758.2009.10696934.

Yekinni, B.O. & Yusof, R.N.R. 2015. Influence of Policy Strategies, Instruments, and Malaysians’ Attitude on Sustainable Edu-tourist Industry in Malaysia. Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Sports, Vol.14, 26-34.

Yigitcanlar, T. 2013. ”Cultivating the Pedagogy of Experience Through International Field Trips: Beyond the National Context”. SAGE Open, April-June 2013: 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244013489560.

Zepke, N. & Leach, L. 2006. Improving Learner Outcomes in Lifelong Education: Formal Pedagogies in Non-Formal Learning Contexts? International Journal of Lifelong Education, Volume 25, Issue 5, (September-October), 507-518. https://doi.org/10.1080/02601370600912089.

Zhang, W. & Shan, S. 2016. The Theme Park Industry in China: A Research Review. Cogent Social Sciences, 2: 1210718. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311886.2016.1210718.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24821/jousa.v6i2.3399

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 386 times
PDF - 158 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a 
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International LicenseISSN 2355-2131 (print) | ISSN 2355-214X (online).


View My Stats