The Identity Transformation of Gedog Batik Tuban, East Java

Fajar Ciptandi

Abstract


Tuban area in East Java, Indonesia, has a role as one of the ancient international trading ports since the 11th century. For that role, Tuban has accepted many foreign cultures brought by other nations, such as Tionghoa and Gujarat. Tuban’s improvement that involves international relationships influences the forms of tradition and culture shown in Tuban nowadays. It is believed that from those traditions and cultures owned by the people of Tuban, producing cloth is one of the oldest traditions maintained by the people. However, in the current condition, the practice is slowly transforming into modernity. The research aims to explain the change of tradition on Tuban’s traditional cloth through a cultural transformation approach to find fundamental ground data and explain external elements that intervene in the tradition. And the new forms result from it.

 

Transformasi Identitas Batik Gedog Tuban, Jawa Timur. Kawasan Tuban di Jawa Timur, Indonesia sejak abad ke-11 telah berperan sebagai salah satu pelabuhan perdagangan kuno internasional. Atas perannya tersebut, Tuban mengalami banyak penerimaan kebudayaan- kebudayaan asing yang dibawa oleh bangsa seperti Tionghoa dan Gujarat. Perkembangan Tuban yang melibatkan hubungan antarbangsa itu secara nyata turut berpengaruh pula terhadap wujud-wujud tradisi dan kebudayaan yang tampak di Tuban saat ini. Diyakini dari sekian banyak tradisi dan kebudayaan yang ada, membuat kain diperkirakan telah dimiliki oleh masyarakat Tuban sejak lama. Namun, pada kondisi saat ini tradisi tersebut perlahan- lahan mengalami transformasi ke arah modernitas. Penelitian ini menjelaskan kondisi perubahan yang terjadi pada produk tradisi kain tradisional masyarakat Tuban melalui pendekatan transformasi budaya untuk menemukan data berupa fundamental ground dari tradisi kain tersebut, serta menjelaskan unsur-unsur eksternal apa saja yang telah mengintervensi tradisi tersebut, serta bentuk-bentuk kebaruan apa yang dihasilkannya.


Keywords


batik gedog; Tuban identity

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24821/jousa.v7i2.4500

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