Utilization Of Rhizophora Stylosa Bark For Natural Dyeing On Cotton Batik Fabric

Fariz Al Hazmi, Ataswarin Oetopo

Abstract


The Rhizophora stylosa mangrove or commonly known as Red Mangrove grows in coastal areas with a saltwater and muddy environment. Natural dyes are extracted from such plant parts as roots, leaves, flowers, stems, and fruits. Natural dyes have distinctive colors and are environmentally friendly compared to synthetic dyes. The use of such natural dyes as mangroves can contribute to the green movement by minimizing the number of pollutants. The objective of this study was to analyze the result of Rhizophora stylosa mangrove stem bark color and its quality in cotton batik fabric. The mangrove stem bark is applied as the raw material for natural dyes. The bark is extracted by boiling it to obtain a natural dye solvent. The dye is tested on cotton-based fabrics by mordanting or fixation using alum (KAI(SO4)21∙2H2O), calcium oxide (Ca(OH)2), and ferrous sulfate (FeSO4). Red mangrove bark (Rhizophora stylosa) can produce natural colors of grey, brown, and peach on fabrics made of natural fibers (cotton fabrics) in batik. The hue and color depend on the type of the applied fixative material and the temperature in the process of boiling the fabric to release the wax on the batik (lorod). This research highlight that the red mangrove (Rhizophora stylosa) can be used as a dye in batik-making.


Keywords


Rhizopora stylose, Natural Dyes, Textiles, Batik.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aishwarya and Anchana Devi. 2014. "Extraction of Natural Dyes from Fungus – An Alternate for Textile Dyeing”. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, Vol.4, No.7.

Alemayehu, Tassew dan Zenebesh Teklemariam. 2014. “Application Of Natural Dyes On Textile: A Review”. International Journal Of Research- Granthaalayah, Vol.2(Iss.2).

Batool, Fatimah, et all. 2019." Sustainable Dyeing of Cotton Fabric Using Black Carrot (Daucus carota L.) Plant Residue as a Source of Natural Colorant”. J. Environ. Stud. Vol. 28, No. 5.

Benil, Hüseyin and Ibrahim Bahtiyari. 2018. “Combination of Dyeing Method and Ozone After-Treatment to Apply Natural Dyes on to Cotton Fabrics”. Ozone: Science & Engineering, Vol. 40, No. 1, 44–53.

Darsih, Cici et al. 2019. “Dyeing Of Cotton Fabric With Natural Dye From Cudrania Javanensis Using Soka (Ixora Javanica) Leaves Extract As Bio-Mordant”. Dinamika Kerajinan dan Batik: Majalah Ilmiah, Vol. 36 No. 2, Hal 105-112. doi: 10.22322/dkb.V36i1.4149

Dolca, Cristina. 2018.”Textiles Coloured With Natural Dyes of Vegetal Origin”. Scientific Bulletin of North University Center of Baia Mare, Volume XXXII No.2

Elsahida, K et al. 2019. "Sustainability of the Use of Natural Dyes in Textile Industry”. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 399.

Handayani, Prima Astuti dan Ivon Maulana. 2013. “Pewarna Alami Batik Dari Kulit Soga Tingi(Ceriops Tagal) Dengan Metode Ekstraksi”. Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan. Semarang : Universitas Negeri Semarang.

Gayo, Akhyari Ari et al. 2009. “Penelitian Hukum Tentang Perlidungan Kawasan Pantai Terhadap Kerusakan Lingkungan”. Badan Pembinaan Hukum Nasional: Departemen Hukum dan HAM RI

Idris, et al. 2017. Modul : Sekolah Pantai Indonesia. Jakarta : Direktorat Jendral Pengelola Ruan Laut Kementrian Kelautan dan Perikanan.

Ishwara, Helen, et al. 2012. Batik Pesisir: An Indonesian Heritage Colection of Hartono Sumarsono. Jakarta : KPG (Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia)

Kanti, Arun Guha. 2019. “A Review On Sources And Application of Natural Dyes in Textiles”. Journal of Textile Science, 8(2): 38-40.

Kumbhar, Shudir et all. 2019. “Eco‑Friendly Dyeing of Cotton With Brown Natural Dye Extracted From Ficus Amplissima Smith Leaves”. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 17:1161–1166.

Lestari, Puji. 2015. “Sumber dan Pemanfaatan Zat Warna Alam Untuk Keperluan Industri”. Review. Dinamika Kerajinan dan Batik.

Mayliana, Esther. 2016. Pengaruh Lama Waktu Mordanting Terhadap Ketuaan Warna dan Kekuatan Tarik Kain Mori dalam Proses Pewarnaan dengan Zat Pewarna Sabut Kelapa. CORAK Jurnal Seni Kriya Vol. 5 No.1.

R, Singh and Srivastava S. 2015. “Exploration Of Flower Based Natural Dyes - A Review”. Research Journal of Recent Sciences, Vol. 4, 6-8.

Rusdiana, Omo et al. 2016. “ Pertumbuhan Bakau Kurap (Rhizopora Stylosa) di Persemaian Mangrove Desa Muara, Kecamatan Teluk Naga, Tangerang”. Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Setiawati, Puspita. 2004. Kupas Tuntas Teknik Proses Membatik Dilengkapi Teknik Menyablon. Yogyakarta: Absolut.

Suheryato, Dwi. 2017. Natural Dyes: Ensiklopedia Zat Warna Alami Dari Tumbuhan Untuk Industri Batik. Andi Yogyakarta.

Susyanti, Susi Et al,. 2020. “Warna Alam dari Ekstraks Tanaman Kopi Robusta”. CORAK Jurnal Seni Kriya Vol. 8 No.1.

Whardani, Cut Kamaril dan Ratna Pangabean. 2005. Tekstil Buku Pelajaran Kesenian Nusantara Untuk Kelas VII. Jakarta: Lembaga Pendidikan Seni Nusantara.

Wulandari, Ari. 2011. Batik Nusantara: Makna Filosofi, Cara Pembuatan dan Industri Batik. Yogyakarta: Andi Yogyakarta.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24821/corak.v11i1.5727

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 179 times
PDF - 149 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Fariz Al Hazmi, Ataswarin Oetopo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

https://jpi.faterna.unand.ac.id/help/slot99/ https://elijo.umpwr.ac.id/pages/idnslot/ pusat maxwinslot raffi ahmadgacor4dhttps://jurnal.usk.ac.id/lib/pkp/sbobet88/robopragmalapak cheatturbox1000akun pro jepangsensorgacorscatter hitam

robot merah hack

yosi88 yosi88 yosi88 yosi88 yosi88 yosi88 hit88 hit88 hit88 hit88 hit88

ISSN 2301-6027 (print) | ISSN 2685-4708  (online).

 

 

View My Stats